How to install MySQL (MariaDB) on Android with Termux
Install MySQL on Android
Android mobile devices are not designed to be servers (although some of them are powerful), however it is always interesting to see how technology advances and day by day we can do more things with our phones.
Today we will see how to install the MySQL or MariaDB server on Android, thanks to the Termux application. For that it is enough to execute a few simple commands and voila, we will have a MySQL database server in our Android; fully functional and ready to execute queries.
If we want to put it for production, we can do it as long as we configure security. In short, we will not see more advanced topics; we will only see how to install mysql on Android.
Here we will use MariaDB and MySQL as synonyms; that is, if you see that I say MariaDB do not get confused, I mean MySQL; and vice versa.
I know that there are really more differences especially with the licenses, but that is another topic and you can search it in Google if you wish.
If you can install Termux everything is fine, you do not need your device to be rooted. I think that this APK works from Android 6.
See how it is installed, configured and downloaded here. Once you have it, we are going to start the tutorial.
Update packages to install mysql
In your Termux application execute:
In both cases, if the app asks, choose yes, that is, put the letter
y. This step is very important because it will update the libraries that are necessary to install mysql on our mobile device.
Install MariaDB on Android using Termux
OK, once you have your system updated we will install the MariaDB package. To do this, execute:
pkg install mariadb
If it asks you, accept everything by writing the letter
y. It may take a while, it depends on your device, so be patient.
We have installed it, here is a little note:
Required in some cases: create mysql directory
At least in my case the installation failed because there was no directory called my.cnf.d (very similar to the MySQL configuration file but that was not the case).
Then that directory has to be created. If you navigate to the location that I will tell you and it already exists, do nothing and return to $HOME.
If not, then you create it. The folder that we are going to create must be located in
/data/data/com.termux.files/usr/etc (if in your case it changes, I only tell you to browse a directory above
$HOME and you will see a
Let’s navigate there with:
Then list the content:
And if the folder named
my.cnf.d does not appear, you have to create it with
Here is an image about the creation of the dir:
As we can see, in step 1 the content is ready and the directory does not exist, so with
mkdir I created the folder.
Configure MariaDB on Android
Once we have created the directory in case it does not exist, we execute this command:
We wait for it to be completed, with that we install and create the MariaDB directories (I think that the previous step, where we created the directory, is done automatically by this installer, but we already did it).
After that, what we have to do is start the MySQL daemon (this should also be done if we restart the phone).
To do this, execute:
mysqld_safe -u root &
What we do is run
mysqld_safe with the root user; the ampersand
& is to run it in the background.
Run it and press Enter. This is how it looks in my case:
We are almost done.
Test MariaDB (MySQL) on Android with Termux
Now that we have started the daemon, it is time to connect from the client. To do this, execute:
mysql -u root
That must have shown you something like this:
If not, make sure you started the demon.
Create database with table and insert data
To verify that this works we will insert some data in our server:
Stop MySQL/MariaDB process
If you want to stop the process, find the ID from whichever process that has the word “mysql” using
grep, and then kill them with
kill -9 [ID], the -9 is to send a KILL SIGNAL.
To find the processes IDs execute:
ps aux | grep mysql
We are passing the
ps output through a pipe to
grep to search for those with mysql inside.
If you take a look, they are two processes with
15488 ids. The third is from
grep but we omit it. Remember that it will change in your case because the process id isn’t always the same.
When you have the IDs kill them:
kill -9 15406
kill -9 15488
If we list the processes again they don’t appear anymore:
To start the server again, execute the previous steps above.
Optional but recommended: secure MySQL
The installation of MySQL is already working correctly, and if we are only going to play with it then we should not care about security.
But instead, if you want to ensure it by habit or by good practices you can do it. To do this, execute:
Which will give you a wizard that will help you to ensure your installation of MySQL: enter a password, remove test privileges, among others.
Notes and conclusions
You already have a MySQL server installed on your Android. It’s time to try some basic commands from this database engine.
By the way, if you reboot your phone the server will stop, just rerun the daemon as we saw up there.
Click here if you want to learn more about Termux.